Sudan escort directory

Sudan escort directory

Republic of the Sudan
جمهورية السودان
Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān
Flag Emblem
Motto: النصر لنا (Arabic)
"An-Naṣr lanā"
"Victory is ours"
  • نحن جند الله، جند الوطن
  • Naḥnu Jund Allah, Jund Al-waṭan  (transliteration)
  • We are the Soldiers of God, the Soldiers of the Nation
  • Sudan in dark green, disputed regions in light green.
    Capital Khartoum
    15°38′N 032°32′E / 15.633°N 32.533°E / 15.633; 32.533
    Largest city Omdurman[1][2]
    Official languages
  • Arabic, English[3]
  • Religion Islam
    Demonym Sudanese
    Government Dominant-party federal presidential republic
     •  President Omar al-Bashir
     •  Vice President Bakri Hassan Saleh
    Legislature National Legislature
     •  Upper house Council of States
     •  Lower house National Assembly
     •  Nubian kingdoms 3500 BC 
     •  Sennar dynasty 1504[4] 
     •  Unified with Egypt 1820 
     •  Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 1899 
     •  Independence (from the United Kingdom and Egypt) 1 January 1956 
     •  Current constitution 9 January 2005 
     •  Secession of South Sudan 15 January 2011 
     •  Total 1,886,068 km2 (15th)
    728,215 sq mi
     •  2015 estimate 40,235,000[5] (35th)
     •  2008 census 30,894,000 (disputed) [6]
     •  Density 21.3/km2
    55.3/sq mi
    GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate
     •  Total 9.5 billion[7]
     •  Per capita ,834[7]
    GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
     •  Total .33 billion[8]
     •  Per capita ,500 [9]
    Gini (2009) 35.3[10]
    HDI (2013)  0.473[11]
    low · 166th
    Currency Sudanese pound (SDG)
    Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
    Date format dd/mm/yyyy
    Drives on the right
    Calling code +249
    ISO 3166 code SD
    Internet TLD .sd, سودان.

    Sudanالسودانi/suˈdæn//suːˈdɑːn/North SudanRepublic of the Sudanجمهورية السودان


    بلاد السودان


    Prehistoric Sudan[edit]

    Kingdom of Kush (1070 BC–AD 350)[edit]

    Christianity and Islam[edit]

    Turkiyah and Mahdist Sudan[edit]

    Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (1899–1956)[edit]

    Independence (1956-)[edit]

    This section is missing information about the history of Sudan between 1956 and 1969 and between 1977 and 1989. Please expand the section to include this information. Further details may exist on the talk page. (January 2016)

    In 1976, the Ansars mounted a bloody but unsuccessful coup attempt. In July 1977, President Nimeiry met with Ansar leader Sadiq al-Mahdi, opening the way for reconciliation. Hundreds of political prisoners were released, and in August a general amnesty was announced for all opponents of Nimeiry's government.



    Environmental issues[edit]

    Government and politics[edit]

    Sharia law[edit]

    Foreign relations[edit]

    Armed Forces[edit]

    International organizations in Sudan[edit]

    Human rights[edit]


    Disputed areas and zones of conflict[edit]

    • In mid-April 2012, the South Sudanese army captured the Heglig oil field from Sudan.
    • In mid-April 2012 the Sudanese army recaptured Heglig.
    • Kafia Kingi and Radom National Park was a part of Bahr el Ghazal in 1956.[107] Sudan has recognized South Sudan independence according to the borders for 1 January 1956.[108]
    • The Abyei Area is disputed region between Sudan and South Sudan. It is currently under Sudan rule.
    • The states of South Kurdufan and Blue Nile are to hold "popular consultations" to determine their constitutional future within the Sudan.
    • The Hala'ib triangle is disputed region between Sudan and Egypt. It is currently under Egyptian administration.
    • Bir Tawil is a terra nullius occurring on the border between Egypt and Sudan, claimed by neither state.

    Administrative divisions[edit]

  • Al Jazirah
  • Al Qadarif
  • Blue Nile
  • Central Darfur
  • East Darfur
  • Kassala
  • Khartoum
  • North Darfur
  • North Kurdufan
  • Northern
  • Red Sea
  • River Nile
  • Sennar
  • South Darfur
  • South Kurdufan
  • West Darfur
  • West Kurdufan
  • White Nile
  • Regional bodies and areas of conflict[edit]

    In addition to the states, there also exist regional administrative bodies established by peace agreements between the central government and rebel groups.

    • The Darfur Regional Authority was established by the Darfur Peace Agreement to act as a co-ordinating body for the states that make up the region of Darfur.
    • The Eastern Sudan States Coordinating Council was established by the Eastern Sudan Peace Agreement between the Sudanese Government and the rebel Eastern Front to act as a coordinating body for the three eastern states.
    • The Abyei Area, located on the border between South Sudan and the Republic of the Sudan, currently has a special administrative status and is governed by an Abyei Area Administration. It was due to hold a referendum in 2011 on whether to join an independent South Sudan or remain part of the Republic of the Sudan.


    The main purpose of the dam will be the generation of electricity. Its dimensions make it the largest contemporary hydropower project in Africa. The construction of the dam was finished December 2008, supplying more than 90 percent of the population with electricity. Other gas-powered generating stations are operational in Khartoum State and other States.


    Ethnic groups[edit]



    Urban areas[edit]

  • v
  • t
  • e
  • Largest cities or towns in Sudan
    Rank Name State Pop.


    1 Omdurman Khartoum 1 200 000
    Port Sudan

    2 Khartoum Khartoum 1 974 647
    3 Port Sudan Red Sea 489 725
    4 Kassala Kassala 401 477
    5 El Obeid North Kordofan 393 311
    6 Kosti White Nile 345 068
    7 Wad Madani Al Jazirah 332 714
    8 El Fasher North Darfur 252 609
    9 Ad-Damazin Blue Nile 186 051
    10 Geneina West Darfur 162 981







    • Sudanese author Leila Aboulela

    • Sudanese tourists by the Meroë pyramids in various types of clothing.

    • Sudanese women in Darfur

    • Herders at the camel market on the far west side of Omdurman


    This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (January 2013)

    See also[edit]

  • Book: Sudan
    • List of heads of government of Sudan
    • Outline of Sudan
    • Lost Boys of Sudan




    • Berry, LaVerle B., ed. (2015). Sudan: A Country Study. Library of Congress (Washington, D.C.) ISBN 978-0-8444-0750-0.
    • Brown, Richard P.C. (1992). Public Debt and Private Wealth: debt, capital flight and the IMF in Sudan. Macmillan Publishers London ISBN 0-333-57543-1.
    • Churchill, Winston (1899; 2000). The River War — An Historical Account of the Reconquest of the Soudan. Carroll & Graf Publishers (New York City). ISBN 978-0-7867-0751-5.
    • Clammer, Paul (2005). Sudan — The Bradt Travel Guide. Bradt Travel Guides (Chalfont St. Peter); Globe Pequot Press. (Guilford, Connecticut). ISBN 978-1-84162-114-2.
    • Evans-Pritchard, Blake; Polese, Violetta (2008). Sudan — The City Trail Guide. City Trail Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9559274-0-9.
    • El Mahdi, Mandour. (1965). A Short History of the Sudan. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-913158-9.
    • Fadlalla, Mohamed H. (2005). The Problem of Dar Fur, iUniverse (New York City). ISBN 978-0-595-36502-9.
    • Fadlalla, Mohamed H. (2004). Short History Of Sudan. iUniverse (New York City). ISBN 978-0-595-31425-6.
    • Fadlalla, Mohamed H. (2007). UN Intervention in Dar Fur, iUniverse (New York City). ISBN 978-0-595-42979-0.
    • Jok, Jok Madut (2007). Sudan — Race, Religion and Violence. Oneworld Publications (Oxford). ISBN 978-1-85168-366-6.
    • Mwakikagile, Godfrey (2001). Slavery in Mauritania and Sudan — The State Against Blacks, in The Modern African State — Quest for Transformation. Nova Science Publishers (Huntington, New York). ISBN 978-1-56072-936-5.
    • O'Fahey, Rex Seán; Spauling, Jay Lloyd (1974). Kingdoms of the Sudan. Methuen Publishing (London). ISBN 978-0-416-77450-4. Covers Sennar and Darfur.
    • Peterson, Scott (2001). Me Against My Brother — At War in Somalia, Sudan and Rwanda — A Journalist Reports from the Battlefields of Africa. Routledge (London; New York City). ISBN 978-0-203-90290-5.
    • Prunier, Gérard (2005). Darfur — The Ambiguous Genocide. Cornell University Press (Ithaca, New York). ISBN 978-0-8014-4450-0.
    • Welsby, Derek A. (2002). The Medieval Kingdoms of Nubia — Pagans, Christians and Muslims Along the Middle Nile. British Museum Press (London). ISBN 978-0-7141-1947-2.
    • Zilfū, ʻIṣmat Ḥasan (translation: Clark, Peter) (1980). Karari — The Sudanese Account of the Battle of Omdurman. Frederick Warne & Co (London). ISBN 978-0-7232-2677-2.


    • "Quo Vadis bilad as-Sudan? The Contemporary Framework for a National Interim Constitution". Law in Africa (Cologne; 2005). Vol. 8, pp. 63–82. ISSN 1435-0963.

    External links[edit]

    • Government of Sudan website
    • Sudan web resources provided by GovPubs at the University of Colorado–Boulder Libraries
    • Sudan at DMOZ
    • Wikimedia Atlas of Sudan
    • "Sudan". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. 
    • Sudan profile from the BBC News
    • CIMIC activities in the African Union Mission in Sudan

    Coordinates: 15°N 032°E / 15°N 32°E / 15; 32


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